New developments in digital printing and finishing as it relates to packaging are unfolding at such

New developments in digital printing and finishing as it relates to packaging are unfolding at such a rapid clip these days that anything resembling a comprehensive overview would be difficult at best. But here are a few highlights in the main substrate categories—corrugated, flexible film, labels, folding cartons, enhancement—where digital printing is making its presence felt in a big way. Corrugated might be the best place to start, since a number of things are happening in both pre-printing of linerboard and post-printing of sheet-fed corrugated. We begin with DS Smith, whose Featherstone facility in the U.K. was the first to commercialize the HP PageWide T1100S from HP in Spring of 2016. The T1100S ink-jet web press permits high-speed CMYK pre-printing of 110 inch wide (2.8 m) corrugated linerboard at 600ft/min (198 m). A second T1100S was installed in Smith’s Fulda, Germany, plant around January of 2018. But then just a few months later, HP and DS Smith announced a change in plans. The T1100S that DS Smith was installing in Fulda will be upgraded to the T1190. Introduced at FESPA 2018 in Munich, the T1190 prints not only CMYK but also Orange and Violet, thus extending...

Bt rice does not disrupt the host-searching behavior of the parasitoid Cotesia chilonis

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. We determined whether plant volatiles help explain why Cotesia chilonis (a parasitoid of the target pest Chilo suppressalis) is less abundant in Bt than in non-Bt rice fields. Olfactometer studies revealed that C. chilonis females responded similarly to undamaged Bt and non-Bt rice plants. Parasitoids preferred rice plants damaged by 3rd-instar larvae of C. suppressalis, but did not differentiate between caterpillar-infested Bt and non-Bt plants. According to GC-MS analyses of rice plant volatiles, undamaged Bt and non-Bt rice plants emitted the same number of volatile compounds and there were no significant differences in the quantity of each volatile compound between the treatments. When plants were infested with and damaged by C. suppressalis larvae, both Bt and non-Bt rice plants emitted higher numbers and larger amounts of volatile compounds than...